To Julia Finney

28 February 1863


[Ms in Finney Papers, Supplement # 125]


Oberlin 28th Feb. 1863

My Dear Julia.

Your letter came duly.

From it & the one to Ange we some

expected to see Helen & Dolson

last night. But "no come." If they

do come so that I can I shall

telegraph for Norton & Willie.

Richard, at Miss Ransons, has gone.

He was buried several days ago.

The piece you refer to in the Independent

gives the correct meaning no doubt

of the church doctrine as set forth

in their prayer book. That is no

doubt real episcopacy. The new

school or low church party dissent

from some of those views. The question

of baptismal regeneration came

up before the courts in England

& the judges decided that the

views of the high church party,

i.e. the views set forth in the independent

[page 2]

are the true teachings of their prayer

book & of the episcopal church.

The new school or low church party

are really though not nominally

dissenters on several important points.

The piece you refer to was written

in the true spirit of Episcopal

arogance. "Doubtless we are the people

& wisdom will die with us." "We are

the church & there is no salvation out

of the church." The pretentions of that

body are so false & odious that

I marvel that they can put them

forth without shame. Mr. French

of course departs from some of

the points claimed in that article

But little can be known of Espiscopacy [sic]

from his teaching I presume.

10.oClock. A.M. We have just recd a

letter from Helen dated the 25th saying

they should leave Marietta for home

the next day & expected to be here

next tuesday or wednesday.

[page 3]

I will send you some money by them

D.V. Monday morning 2d March.

We had visit last week of an own

cousin of yours & his wife. He is the

son of my Brother Harry. He bears

my whole name C. G. Finney. He is

a smart lik[e]ly fellow & looks very

much as I did at his age. He staid

but one night. I intended to have sent

this letter this morning but having failed,

I may not send it until Dolson & Helen

go to Warren.

4. March. Helen & Dolson arrived

on monday evening. Norton & Willie

came this morning. I enclose $10. you

did not say how much you need.

If you should need more get it of

Helen & I will send it to her when

you return. We hope to see you

soon. All send love.

Your aff. Father,

C. G. Finney



This was Richard Hardy who died "of Typhoid fever" on February 19th. He was born a slave in Kentucky and was purchased by his father at the age of two. He came to Oberlin in 1856 and although "of very ordinary intellectual abilities" developed a remarkable Christian character. See his obituary in Lorain County News, Vol. 3 (25 February 1863), p. 2.

This word was unclear and Julia had written the letters rect over the end of the word.

The article referred to is probably the one written by John B. Hopkins, Jr., M.A., Deacon and editor of The Church Journal, for the series being run in The Independent on "Faith and Order in the Evangelical Churches. By Ministers of Each." It was published in Vol. XV (February 12, 1863, p. 1. under the title, "The Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America."

Julia Finney had inserted a capital I at the beginning of the word independent.

Hopkins wrote:

The Church system is thus a vast and varied educational system, and is therefore in direct opposition to the notion that a true Church can be composed of adult believers only. She requires the baptism of infants. She requires sponsors to each infant baptized, who pledge themselves to the bringing up of that child to lead a godly and Christian life. She requires that her young children be instructed and publicly examined in her Catechism, which is very short and easy to be remembered. The first thing they are taught in that Catechism is, that they were made, in their baptism, "members of Christ, children of God, and inheritors of the kingdom of heaven;"--that thus they are already in a "state of salvation," and must "pray unto God" for "grace" to "continue in the same unto their lives' end."

Against this sentence Julia Finney has written in the margin:

My Father would not wish this published.

William C. French had become the first Episcopal minister in Oberlin in 1857. See William E. Bigglestone, Oberlin: From War to Jubilee, 1866-1883 (Oberlin: Grady Publishing Co, 1983), p. 42.

The Lorain County News for March 4, noted:

Major General J. D. Cox is in town,--the guest of his father-in-law, President Finney.

Against these words Julia has made a mark in the margin with the words: from Toledo?